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What is CUP (Common Underlying Proficiency)

Handbook of Research on Bilingual and Intercultural Education
Cummins’ (1991) theory on Common Underlying Proficiency (CUP) establishes that there is a set of common implicit metalinguistic skills and knowledge, which can emerge and be retrieved by the apprentice regardless of the language they are using. This way the language skills acquired in one language integrates the CUP and can be applied to learning another language.
Published in Chapter:
Literacy Development in L1 in Bilingual Education: Evidence From Research on CLIL in Primary School
Esther Nieto Moreno de Diezmas (University of Castilla-La Mancha, Spain)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 25
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2588-3.ch016
This chapter explores literacy development in the mother tongue (L1) in bilingual education programs. To explore the impact of Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) on literacy development in L1, a large-scale study was conducted in a monolingual autonomous community (Castilla-La Mancha) located in central Spain. Scores obtained by CLIL and non-CLIL (n=4,231) learners aged 9-10 in a writing task and in a reading comprehension test were compared. Results showed CLIL was not detrimental for literacy development in L1, since no significant differences were detected between both groups in their overall proficiency in written production and reading comprehension. However, a differential achievement was observed depending on the type of instruction CLIL/non-CLIL in some areas. Significant differences were observed in favour of CLIL students in receptive vocabulary, expressive richness and spelling, whereas the non-CLIL group was ahead in critical reading, planning strategies, and use of text typologies.
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