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What is Emergent Bilinguals

International Perspectives on Modern Developments in Early Childhood Education
The type of student whose bilingualism is still emerging ( García & Kleifgen, 2018 , p. 4).
Published in Chapter:
Translanguaging Practices in Early Childhood Classrooms From an Intercultural Perspective
Éva Csillik (New York City Department of Education, USA) and Irina Golubeva (University of Maryland Baltimore County, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-2503-6.ch002
The term ‘translanguaging' not only has appeared in the field of Applied Linguistics, but also it entered in the field of Multilingual/Multicultural Education in early childhood classrooms. Translanguaging is mostly seen as an opportunity to build on emergent bilingual speakers' full language repertoires in order to scaffold language learning; however, it also provides an opportunity for young learners to gain cross-cultural knowledge. The authors observed translanguaging practices during play time in the AraNY János Hungarian Kindergarten and School in New York City (USA) to understand how different languages and cultures presented in the early childhood classes might contribute to shaping an anti-biased mindset towards social and cultural diversity. The overarching aim of this study was to reveal some of the translanguaging practices both students and teachers used in a diverse ethnic community of Hungarian descendants living in New York City.
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The Relationship Between Oral Language and Reading in English-Only, Proficient Bilingual, and Emergent Bilingual Adolescents
Individuals who use/speak a language other than English at home and are designated as English learners (EL) by their school’s criteria.
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Kindergarten Writing: Utilizing Funds of Knowledge in a Digital Classroom
Students who are acquiring their heritage language and English simultaneously. It rejects the deficit terminology used by the Federal Government, English Language Learner.
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Strengthening Leadership and Teaching Capacity Through Community and College Relationships: Two Case Studies
Children who are learning two languages at the same time. It is a mindset shift from perceiving the home language as a deficit and English as the preferred language.
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Working With Immigrant Children and Families: Preparing Early Childhood Education Leadership for Culturally Responsive Teaching
A term that indicates culturally and linguistically diverse individuals who are becoming dynamic bilinguals. This term is suggested to use for those individuals, rejecting the deficit-oriented terms such as LEP (Limited English Proficiency), ELLs (English Language Learners), or ESL (English as a Second Language) students.
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The Role of a Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) and the Special Education Referral Process for English Learners
Refers to bilingual English learners or emergent bilinguals who are in the process of acquiring language in both their home language and English to access the grade level standards.
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Parental Perspectives on Dual Language Classrooms: The Role of the African American Parents
Are students who are in the process of developing language skills across two languages and in the process develop metalinguistic awareness and skills in reading and writing across both languages.
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