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What is Exosystem

Handbook of Research on Engaging Immigrant Families and Promoting Academic Success for English Language Learners
Consists of immediate social systems in which the individual does not necessarily participate directly in but affect their career developments.
Published in Chapter:
Supporting Immigrant Children in College and Career Readiness: Implications for Teachers and School Counselors
Grace W. Wambu (New Jersey City University, USA) and Zandile P. Nkabinde (New Jersey City University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-8283-0.ch013
The number of immigrant students have been on the rise in the last decades in many American classrooms. Both public schools and institutions of higher learning have increasing numbers of racially and ethnically diverse students than in the past. Immigrants from around the world come to America for different reasons but with one dream, and that is to create better lives for themselves and their children. Many leave their countries of origin seeking economic opportunities, while others leave their countries fleeing political, religious, and ethnic persecution. A number of refugees fleeing wars and turmoil from their home countries come to America with psychological, physical, and emotional trauma. Adelman and Taylor suggested that refugee students are among the most vulnerable for school failure and its consequences. This chapter discusses the role of teachers and school counselors in facilitating a smooth transition of all immigrant children in college and career readiness.
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Leading Beyond the Classroom: Three Cases of Teacher Advocacy
A systems of organizations with indirect influence on a child, including local governments, school boards, and mass media.
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Are ICT Non-Users Absolute Non-Users?: Segregation of “Potential ICT Users” From the Non-Users' Profile
Indirect environment where the subject may not be present but has it impact on that subject (parent’s work, media, social connections, etc.).
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Children's Development: A Glance Into Early Childhood Education and Family Dynamics
The exosystem is a system of Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory that encompasses factors that influence children’s development, even though children may not be directly involved with these interactions. An example includes parents’ jobs, in terms of whether their jobs may trigger a relocation to a new location.
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Ecological Approach to Higher Educator Wellness and Self-Care
Systems we do not have direct participation with but they do influence our actions and decisions that impact us.
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Processes of Socialization to Sexuality and Discrimination in the Web Society: An Exploratory Research on Transgender People
Situations in which the individual does not participate directly, but in which events and situations occur that indirectly influence and shape socialization processes.
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Early Learning Environments: Embracing and Valuing Home Languages
Urie Bronfenbrenner’s, third level of social / environmental influence on a child’s development which is the consequence of direct contact with the parents and family members.
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An Ecological Model of Student Interaction in Online Learning Environments
An aspect of the environment that includes indirect interactions, for example, the parent’s work environment may indirectly influence university student achievement via parental job stress.
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The Aftermath of the 2017 Las Vegas Mass Shooting: How Survivors and Their Loved Ones Demonstrate Worthiness of Assistance Through Crowdfunding
Part of the ecological system; it is comprised of individuals’ indirect relationships, such as a friend of a friend or an extended family member
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