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What is Mental State

Encyclopedia of Distance Learning, Second Edition
A mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant, even though the state itself may be dynamic; “a manic state.”
Published in Chapter:
Distance Learning Rehabilitation of Autistic Reasoning
Boris Galitsky (Birkbeck College University of London, UK)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 7
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-198-8.ch101
Recent psychological studies have revealed that autistic children can neither reason properly about mental states of themselves and others, nor understand emotions (Leslie, 1987; Perner 1991; Pilowsky, Yirmiya, Arbelle, & Mozes 2000). Autism is a multifactor disorder that is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, combined with repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, and affects up to 1% of school-aged children in some geographic areas. In this article we are concerned with the strategies of rehabilitation of reasoning to improve communication skills of children with autism. It has been confirmed by multiple clinical studies that the properly timed treatment is essential for the autistic patient to increase the chance for recovery. An early behavioral intervention is highly beneficial for autistic children (Green, 1996; Jensen & Sinclair, 2002; Rogers, 1998). There is an opinion with increasing support by multiple researchers that intensive behavioral intervention (that can be stimulated in distance learning) may result in a dramatic improvement of autistic reasoning (McEachin, Smith, & Lovaas, 1993). From the viewpoint of autism experts who believe that there is no alternative to behavioral intervention (thought of as the only way to facilitate compensatory learning; see, e.g., Frith, 2001; Howlin, 1998), distance learning may be a useful aid for the education of parents and rehabilitation personnel.
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The Role of Resilience in the Relationship Between Grit and Flow: Introducing Grit Flow Questionnaire
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