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What is Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

Applied Econometric Analysis: Emerging Research and Opportunities
It is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area. MSAs are defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB), and the MSAs are used by federal government agencies for statistical purposes.
Published in Chapter:
Does Regional Variation in Startup Concentration Predict Employment Growth in Rural Areas of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia?
Yaya Sissoko (Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA) and Brian W. Sloboda (University of Maryland Global Campus, USA)
Copyright: © 2020 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-7998-1093-3.ch010
Measures of entrepreneurship, such as average establishment size and the prevalence of start-ups, correlate strongly with employment growth across and within urban areas. Is it possible for entrepreneurship to occur outside of urban areas and be active in rural areas such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia? There are causal links of entrepreneurial finance to industry or city growth but little link of the evidence of entrepreneurship outside of urban areas overall. This chapter examines the regional variation in startup concentration used to predict employment in the rural areas of Pennsylvania, Ohio, and West Virginia by metropolitan statistical area (MSA)/micropolitan areas for the year 2017. The authors find significant differences in new firm formation rates from industrial regions to technologically progressive regions using the generalized linear models (GLM). Variations in firm birth rates are explained by industrial size, population growth, the number of startups, human capital variables, and establishments.
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The Economic Impact of COVID-19 in the Air Transportation Industry: Estimates From a Regional Input-Output Model
It is a city and its adjacent areas. More formally, it is a central urbanized area and contains the majority of the population hub and surrounding communities that have a high degree of economic and social interaction with that center, as determined by the United States Census Bureau.
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