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What is Validity

Preparing Agriculture and Agriscience Educators for the Classroom
The extent in which the assessment measures what it purports to measure.
Published in Chapter:
Assessing Student Learning
Tyson J. Sorensen (Utah State University, USA)
Copyright: © 2022 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-6684-3420-8.ch010
Abstract
The purpose of this chapter is to present assessment concepts and provide guidelines for effective assessment practices within school-based agricultural education. The chapter explains common terms and different types of assessments. It also provides guiding principles for how to effectively construct various types of assessments including both traditional and alternative types of assessments. In addition, this chapter provides guidelines and principles for managing grades in school-based agricultural education programs. This chapter provides practical recommendations and examples within a school-based agricultural education context.
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Certifications for Medical Interpreters: A Comparative Analysis
refers to an exam’s results’ accuracy, that it measures what they are intended to measure
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The Influence of Spirituality: Measuring Spirituality in Leadership With the SpEI
In research validity refers to how well the construct of interest is in fact measured by the method used. That is, does the study measure what it is intended to capture.
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Assessing Mobile Applications Considered Medical Devices
Relates to whether the measurement device is measuring what it is intended to.
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An Introduction to Survey Research
A survey instrument that is reliable, accurate and measures what it is supposed to measure.
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Qualitative Methods in Research: Alternative Approaches and Navigating Complexities
In qualitative research it is a summation of efforts made in an enquiry, through honesty, depth, richness, and scope of the data achieved and participants approached.
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Hyperbole or Hypothetical?: Ethics for AI in the Future of Applied Pedagogy
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Internationalization of Higher Education: The Methodological Critiques on the Research Related to Study Overseas and International Experience
This term is understood as the quality of some objects or research or goods that is acceptable among those who assess or experience or use them.
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Smoking Assessment through Information Technology
Characteristic of a test which actually measures what it claims to measure.
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Using Mixed Methods Research to Explore User Loyalty in Selected Academic Libraries in Ghana With an Emphasis on Rigorousness
This refers to the extent to which the research instrument is able to measure what it sets out to measure.
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Test Design to Assess the Qualities of Science Students' Prior Knowledge
Characteristic of a good instrument that measures what attempts to measure.
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Methodological Considerations for Quantitative Content Analysis of Online Interactions
an integrated evaluative judgment of the degree to which empirical evidence and theoretical rationales support the adequacy and appropriateness of inferences and actions based on test scores and other modes of assessment. (Messick, 1989, p.13)
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Adult Learner-Centered and Scalable Online Competency-Based Education
The degree to which an instrument measures what it purports to measure. For example, a measure of competency is valid when it predicts effective use in workplace situations for which it was intended.
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Systematic Review and Evaluation of Pain-Related Mobile Applications
Relates to whether the measurement device is measuring what it is intended to.
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Assessing Creativity Using the Consensual Assessment Technique
How well a test measures what it is supposed to measure (and that it is not instead measuring other, unrelated variables).
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The Technology of Writing Assessment and Racial Validity
An argument that explains the degree to which empirical evidence and theoretical rationales support the adequacy and appropriateness of decisions made from an assessment.
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Teaching and Assessing Data Literacy for Adolescent Learners
The degree of how an assessment measures what it intends to measure.
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A Call for Mixed Methods in Evaluating Teacher Preparation Programs
The degree to which inferences made from data are appropriate to the context being examined. A variety of evidence can be used to support interpretation of scores.
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A Return to Doing: How Authentic Assessment Changes Higher Education
The extent to which an assessment tool accurately measures the domains for which it was intended to measure.
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Participation in Online Distance Learning Environments: Proxy, Sign, or a Means to an End?
Perhaps the most precise and useful definition of validity was provided by Messick (1989) , who understood it as: “an integrated evaluative judgment of the degree to which empirical evidence and theoretical rationales support the adequacy and appropriateness of inferences and actions based on test scores or other modes of assessment” (p. 13, emphasis in original).
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Human Resource Recruiting and Selection Using Cellphone Apps
The degree to which a selection device (e.g., a test) measures what its authors intended it to measure; in an employment context, it also refers to the degree to which the selection device predicts job performance, accurately distinguishing among people who perform well vs. poorly.
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Case Study: Defining and Differentiating Among Types of Case Studies
The extent to which what was intended to be measured is measured.
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Demographic Changes and Equal Employment Opportunity Legislation: Implications for Leveraging Workforce Diversity in the Field of Human Resource Development
A state of being that exists when an instrument (e.g., test) represents or predicts something. For example, a math test contains math questions; or a math test predicts job performance.
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Data-Triangulation Through Multiple Methods: The Case for Stealth Assessment
Collected evidence that supports the interpretation that scores of an assessment measure what they are intended to measure.
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Computer Assisted Problem Solving Environment (PSE)
Accuracy how accurately the model employed or concerned represents the corresponding real world.
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Quantitative Methods in Research
The relationship between research instruments and the research objective (the ability of research instruments to answer research objectives/questions).
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Incidence of Organizational Culture on Management Effectiveness of Information Technology Projects
Level of correspondence among a model or a structure and the real data. Measurement to determine whether a model or a structure accurately measures what it is intended to measure.
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Equitable Assessment Practices
The extent to which an assessment measures what it intends to measure and assess.
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Evaluating Antiracist Dispositions: Choosing, Analyzing, and Using Dispositional Assessment Tools in Antiracist Ways
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Return on Investment in Training
The degree to which both theory and empirical evidence support the intended actions and inferences based on the data. It is not a property of the data, but of inferences made from the data (Messick, 1989).
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Measuring Data Quality in Context
A data quality dimension that reflects the confirmation of data items to their corresponding value domains, and the extent to which non-confirmation of certain items affects fitness to use. For example, a data item is invalid if it is defined to be integer but contains a non-integer value, linked to a finite set of possible values but contains a value not included in this set, or contains a NULL value where a NULL is not allowed.
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Data Speaks: Use of Poems and Photography in Qualitative Research
Asks whether the interpretation placed on the data accords with common sense and is relatively untainted with personal or cultural perspective.
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Psychometric Post-Examination Analysis in Medical Education Training Programs
The extent to which a test effectively measures the construct that it is supposed to measure.
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Increased Workforce Diversity by Race, Gender, and Age and Equal Employment Opportunity Laws: Implications for Human Resource Development
A state of being that exists when an instrument (e.g., test) represents or predicts something. For example, a math test contains math questions; or a math test predicts job performance.
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Interpretive Research: A Constructivist Approach
In qualitative research it is a summation of efforts made in an enquiry, through honesty, depth, richness, and scope of the data achieved and participants approached.
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Systematic Review and Evaluation of Pain-Related Mobile Applications
Relates to whether the measurement device is measuring what it is intended to.
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