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What is Agency

Handbook of Research on Promoting Cross-Cultural Competence and Social Justice in Teacher Education
The belief you can make a difference in the world.
Published in Chapter:
This Is How I Learn: Co-Creating Space for Students' Voices
Jessica H. Burbach (Portland YouthBuilders, USA), Staci B. Martin (Portland State University, USA), Javonta Arnold-Fowlkes (Portland YouthBuilders, USA), Johnathan Sakaith (Portland YouthBuilders, USA), Cheyenne Julius (Portland YouthBuilders, USA), and Andrew Hibbs (Portland YouthBuilders, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-5225-0897-7.ch009
Abstract
This chapter presents research on how Culturally Responsive Mathematics Teaching (CRMT) and a critical hope framework can be used as learning tools in the alternative high school classroom. Our study shows how 12 high school students and two teachers, one in high school and one in post-secondary, can work together to nurture students' personal and collective identity, agency, and hope. We use the concept of the “six words” from the Race Card Project (Norris, 2015) to co-create spaces that question the dominant narrative, which describes students as dropouts, and that offer spaces of hope and solidarity. As researchers, we believe without student collaboration in the research process itself, their voices will be muted in the academic language describing them and the dominant narrative that disempowers them. We believe that we have not achieved a true social justice curriculum until there is action where hope can surface (Freire, 1970).
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Writing as a Form of Agency and Advocacy: Developing Writing Motivation in the Middle Grades
Having the opportunities to improve one’s position and take steps towards one’s individual goals.
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Youth Civic Engagement: New Strategies for Social Innovation
The ability of people to make decisions and participate in issues related to their own lives and the community in which they live, in contexts where they can be heard.
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Preparing Principals in Educational Leadership Programs: Exploring Problems of Practice With Self-Directed Learning Projects
The ability of individuals to act independently, have control over their own choices, and assume responsibility for themselves.
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Hyperbole or Hypothetical?: Ethics for AI in the Future of Applied Pedagogy
The capacity for action or intervention producing a particular effect.
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The Mediation of Identity: Key Issues in Historic Perspective
Used in the social sciences to refer to the autonomy, free will, or creativity exercised by (normally human) individuals or groups. Agency is typically contrasted with “structure” and/or with those forces (e.g. institutional, ideological, legal, normative) external to individuals but which act to constrain, direct or condition behaviour.
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Mediated Embodiment in New Communication Technologies
The sense of perceiving oneself as being the cause of the own actions.
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Confessions of a Self-Directed Learner
Capability to take actions for one’s own behalf or speak on one’s own behalf.
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Massively Multiplayer Online Games as Spaces for Metacognition and Self-Regulated Learning
The ability to act or of acting intentionally upon one’s thoughts or feelings, rather than being acted upon.
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Transformative Social and Emotional Learning: Examining Learning Management Systems Through the Pairing of Digital Learning Environments
A person’s belief that they have control of their own life and can make choices to shape their environments to achieve personal goals.
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Consumerism, Violence, and Dehumanization: The Vicious Dynamic Circle
The individual’s choice to exert his or her personal power in thoughts, words, and actions.
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Development Impacts of Free Public Wi-Fi in Johannesburg
The sense and ability that an individual has to make choices and to act towards outcomes that they choose. Agency depends on the resources that individuals have access to.
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That's My Space: Ageing, Gender, and Survival in Ugandan Theatre
The ability to act upon circumstances around one’s existence in an effort to cause change for the better.
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Transformative eLearning and Portfolio Careers in Higher Education
An individual’s sense of control and faith in own ability.
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Emotionally Healthy School Leadership
Refers to the capacity of individuals to have the power and resources to fulfill their potential.
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Screen Time, Temporality, and (Dis)embodiment
The capacity of a cognitive system to act.
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Reparations for Children and Youth: A Peacebuilding Mechanism
The capacity to carry out actions with an intention. The capacity children and youth have to make their own free choices. In the context of this chapter must also be understood as the possibility to give voice to the children and youth in political and social processes.
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Towards a Social Dramaturgy of Digital Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Romania: A Qualitative Discourse Analysis
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Player Agency, Team Responsibility, and Self-Initiated Change: An Apprentice's Learning Trajectory and Peer Mentoring in Esports
A complex, and partly contradictory, concept on humans’ capacity to impact and transform life circumstances and the social practices they are engaged in. Agency is both an individual and collective process as well as a product of said process(es).
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An Analysis of Gender Inequality in Professional Tennis: A Study of the Cozening Sport
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Qualitative Studies in Cases of Trafficking: The Case of Migrant Women in Malaysia
The ability to identify goals or make choices and then act upon them.
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Case Study of Urban 4th/5th Grade Teachers and Students Engaged With E-Texts
An enhanced form of autonomy; a person’s realized capacity to act upon his/her world and give personal meaning to it.
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Global Security and Political Problems of the 21st Century
The capacity of actors to harness the power to achieve objectives.
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Immersive Learning Theory: As a Design Tool in Creating Purpose-Built Learning Environments
Whereby the student/learner has active control over the learning process and can effect change over the content, structure, and outcomes of the learning process.
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Computer Mediated Learning: Applying Burke's Pentad
The means by which an individual undertakes an act, one of the Pentadic elements.
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Challenging the Poverty Narrative Through Children's Literature
The capacity for an individual to act independently and without influence.
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Spatial Justice: Design Agency in the Production of Space
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Conferences as Learning Spaces for Advancing Knowledge and Action for the SDGs: Insights From Youth Experiences
Agency is the ability and power that people have to undertake and impact positive changes in their personal lives and wider socio-political contexts.
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Development, Identity, and Game-Based Learning
The capacity of an individual to make decisions and to act in the world to realize those decisions.
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Unifying Instructional and Game Design
The ability for players to make meaningful choices in a game, which usually result in changes to the “game world” (Murray, 1997).
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Multi-Disciplinary Paths to Actor-Centric Non-Player Character Emotion Models
The apparent freedom of a character to act, react, not act, or sublimate desire to achieve a goal within a fictional world.
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Computer Mediated Learning: Applying Burke's Pentad
The means by which an individual undertakes an act, one of the Pentadic elements.
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Johnson County Library Makerspace
The capacity and propensity to take purposeful initiative of one’s own learning.
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Children's Cultural Backpack and Preschool Education: A Design-Based Study in a Swedish Preschool
Can be seen as both a goal and a mediating resource, and it is about the scope for action and participation and the ability to act independently based on one's own choices.
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The Gendered Nature of Chatbots: Anthropomorphism and Authenticity
A person’s ability to make decisions that affect the context and situation they are in.
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Land as Agency: A Critical Autoethnography of Scandinavian Acquisition of Dispossessed Land in the Iowa Territory
A belief in one’s ability to take the initiative necessary to assume an active role in one’s own setting, culture, community, content, process, and/or engagement within respective settings.
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Individual Mindset Change and Civil Disobedience in Shaping Societal Re-Evolution: Praxis I
The power of an individual to act and make choices raising her intentional binding.
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Audience, User, Producer: MOOCs as Activity Systems
The rhetorical capacity and emergent process enacted through which individuals create meanings.
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Learning Design Based on Personal Paths and Learning Sequences for Activation, Development, and Closure in Teaching
The capacity to act intentionally and achieve goals guided by cognitive, self-regulatory, motivational and attributional components that enable the learner to play an active role in their learning.
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Heuristic Inquiry: The Internal Research Pathway
A belief in one’s ability to assume the initiative necessary to accept an active role in one’s own research, content, process, engagement, and synthesis.
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A Youth Perspective to Participation and Local Governance in Zimbabwe's Post-Fast Track Land Reform Farms
The capacity of individuals to act independently and to make their own free choices.
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Inclusive Education and Universal Design for Learning: A Road Map for Rehabilitation Professionals
Giving students a voice through choice by presenting multiple ways for students to access and engage with learning material in ways that are meaningful and appropriate.
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Having “The Voice” and Gaining Agency: Substantive Representation of Women in Local Politics
Acting on defined goals within a process of self-realization and affirmation.
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Anexact Paths: Computation, Continuity, and Tectonics in the Design Process
The capacity for autonomous, independent decision. An agent is an entity that can perceive an environment and act upon it proactively, not just reactively.
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Effects of Human-Machine Integration on the Construction of Identity
Given the possibility of natural hybridization between humans and machines (with a blur boundary), it is not clear who is performing the actions in order to improve their efficiency. Latour (1999) proposes to study the construction of this strong interaction/integration.
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Critical Autoethnography as an Empowering Discourse for International Students in US Higher Education
Individual’s ability to take actions in the contingency of a sociocultural context.
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Change Agency in Global Higher Education: Operationalising Inclusion and Diversity Through Strategic Curriculum Development
Is the capacity, condition, or state of acting or of exerting power from within an educational institution.
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The Emergence of Agency in Online Social Networks
The capability of individuals to consciously choose, influence, and structure their actions (Emirbayer & Mische, 1998; Gecas, 2003) and is an exercise of ability and will through action.
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Grandmothers in Maai Mahiu Kenya Defy HIV Stigma and Transform Their Community
In this chapter is power within an individual that is stimulated by the challenges they face and drives them to want to transform their realities which cause them pain to a more favorable and desired reality
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Unveiling the Significance of Transformative Social and Emotional Learning: Empowering Agents of Social Transformation
This refers to the empowerment of students to have an active role in their learning.
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The Digital Campfire: An Ontology of Interactive Digital Storytelling
The interactor’s possibilities to make meaningful decisions in the storyworld and to see their outcomes.
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Tinkering Studio at the Exploratorium
The capacity and propensity to take purposeful initiative of one’s own learning.
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Reflections on the Role of Spirituality in How Young Children's Identities Are Constructed
The belief that one can initiate activities and control what happens (either individually or collectively).
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Children's Literature as Pedagogy: Learning Literacy Through Identity in Meaningful Communities of Practice
The strategic making and remaking of selves within structures of power. Agency is not an internal state; rather, it is defined as a way of positioning oneself within communities so as to allow for new identities.
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Systemised Collaboration and Empowerment for Crisis Management: What Senior Teachers Can Learn From Supervisees
An individual’s ability to act autonomously which may be influenced by environmental factors such as school policy and culture (Priestly et al., 2015 AU63: The in-text citation "Priestly et al., 2015" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).
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Overcoming Barriers
An individual or social group’s will to be self-defining and self-determining (Collins, 2009).
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Power Sharing in Times of Crisis: Jamaican Teachers' Reflections on Principals' Leadership Approaches in the COVID-19 Pandemic
Agency refers to a professional’s sense of intellectual independence and capacity to engage superiors, peers, and organizational processes in ways which reflect self-confidence, a willingness to interrogate, and an ability to take action to effect change or influence the taking of action effecting of change. Moore (2016) describes agency as having a feeling of control over one’s actions and their consequences, and involves consciousness, free will, and responsibility.
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Collaborative Learning in Schools With Social Media: A Social Constructivist View
This refers the capacity of teachers to act purposefully and to have control to direct their professional growth.
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Design Process for Accessible Virtual Reality Learning Environments: A First Approach
The capacity of an entity (a person or other entity) to act in, and influence, an artificial environment.
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Autoethnography and Other Self-Inquiry Methods for Practice-Based Doctoral Research
Agency is a belief in one’s ability to assume the initiative necessary to accept an active role in one’s own research, content, process, engagement, and synthesis ( Throne, 2019 ).
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Institutional Theory and E-Government Research
Agency refers to the human capacity to produce an effect or change social structures.
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Toxic Femininity in Higher Education: Academia's Sting in the Tail – The Queen Bee
Is the the capacity, condition, or state of acting or of exerting power within the context of situationally specific contexts.
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COVID-19 Recovery in Schools and Self-Care for Teachers
The capacity of teachers or students to take ownership in the teaching and learning process by making choices that contribute to their growth.
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Equity, Literacies, and Learning in Technology-Rich Makerspaces
A learner’s internal motivation to be in charge of their own learning, develop dispositions as an active learner, and to make plans to carry out learning actions centered around their own goals.
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What Does Digital Media Allow Us to “Do” to One Another?: Economic Significance of Content and Connection
A human’s capacity to make choices; typically contrasted to natural forces or nonhuman elements.
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Linguistic Diversity in the Global Classroom Both Fact and Fiction
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Surviving the Hive in Global Crisis?: The Queen Bee Phenomenon in Higher Education
Is the capacity, condition, or state of acting or of exerting power within the context of situationally specific contexts.
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