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What is Empowerment

Encyclopedia of E-Commerce Development, Implementation, and Management
Empowerment results from a combination of external assignation (the empowering environment) and internal realization of power (consumer perceptions). Hence, conditions must exist in the external environment that allow the transference or increase of power from one party to another. At the same time, the recipient must realize the increase in power and be in a position to benefit from this realization.
Published in Chapter:
Informed, Empowered, or Paralyzed?: Outcomes from Engaging in a Website
Tina Harrison (The University of Edinburgh, UK) and Kathryn Waite (Heriot Watt University, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-9787-4.ch117
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First-Line Police Supervisory Leadership: A Pivotal Role in Effective Communication and Engagement
Sharing information, rewards, and power with employees so that they can take initiative and make decisions to solve problems and improve service and performance. Empowerment is based on the idea that giving employees skills, resources, authority, opportunity, motivation, as well holding them responsible and accountable for outcomes of their actions, will contribute to their competence and satisfaction.
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The Culturally Connected School Counselor: Best Practices and Considerations
The act of encouraging someone to have power or authority.
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Empowering Marginalized Women Through Entrepreneurship: Breaking the Barrier
Empowerment can be defined as transformation of power relations at various levels of the society.
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Employee Development for Organizational Success: The Pressures, the Economics, the Rewards
Employees have the power to take the initiative and make decisions to solve problems and improve organizational performance.
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The Role of Microfinance in Africa: A Review of Outcomes From Ghana and Nigeria
The degree of autonomy and self-determination in women and in communities.
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Gender and ICT Policy for Development and Empowerment: A Critique of a National ICT Policy
Having the ability to be able to better one’s life socially, economically, culturally and politically through fair and equal policies.
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Psychology Applied to Prevention and Detection of Human Trafficking
the process by which individuals and groups gain power, access to resources, and control over their own lives to reach their personal and collective goals.
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Examining the Roles of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in the Global Workplace
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Women Empowerment and Inclusive Growth Through ICT in India
Empowerment is a process that involves enabling people to gain control over their lives to gain control over the factors and decisions that shape their lives, build their resources and qualities, and to be able to gain access, partners, networks, and a voice. The concept of empowerment is increasingly used by people with disabilities, indigenous peoples, and marginalized groups to achieve social development.
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Entrepreneurial Ecosystems Resilience and Institutional Voids: Solutions for Emerging Economies to Drive Economic Growth
Empowerment can be socially, economically, or even ecologically structured. Generally, empowerment encompasses empowerment areas, benefits, and actions . Empowerment areas frequently studied and reported on were (1) sustaining income and productivity, including through knowledge transfer and technological tools, (2) developing business skills and industry specific know-how and skills, (3) supporting business creation and entrepreneurial innovation, (4) developing collaborative partnerships for collaborative solutions, and (5) favoring gender equality (Civera et al., 2018 AU69: The in-text citation "Civera et al., 2018" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).
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Entrepreneurship and Organizational Resilience: Responding to and Recovering From Crisis Situations (COVID-19)
Empowerment can be socially, economically, or even ecologically structured. Generally, empowerment encompasses empowerment areas, benefits, and actions . Empowerment areas frequently studied and reported on were (1) sustaining income and productivity, including through knowledge transfer and technological tools, (2) developing business skills and industry specific know-how and skills, (3) supporting business creation and entrepreneurial innovation, (4) developing collaborative partnerships for collaborative solutions, and (5) favoring gender equality (Civera et al., 2018 AU95: The in-text citation "Civera et al., 2018" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).
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Project Management With High-Performance Work Teams: Analysis of Generic Competencies That Influence Collective Performance
It is the fact of delegating power and authority to subordinates and giving them the feeling that they own their own work.
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Education for Women and Girls in Iraq
The process of gaining freedom and power to do what you want or to control what happens to you.
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Media Literacy, Co-Innovation, and Productivity: Examples from European Countries
Word increasingly employed in the field of media literacy that is especially related to communicative ability to create content to empower citizens to exercise participation in democratic societies.
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Future Living in a Participatory Way
The process of strengthening of among others individuals where they get grip on their own situation and their surroundings, and this by means of acquiring control, tightening up critical conscience and stimulating participation.
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Social Capital as a Factor of Success in Mexican Cooperatives: Case – Cooperativa “Las Chiquihuitecas” Producer of Grana Cochinilla
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Importance of Gender Inclusiveness in Sustainable Climate Change Education
The process of enabling individuals or groups to gain control over their lives, make informed decisions, and act to improve their circumstances.
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E-Governance for Socio Economic Welfare: A Case Study of Gyandoot Intranet Project in Madhya Pradesh, India
A subjective term though, it has different meanings for different people. Most commonly, it involves the strengthening of the skills, knowledge base, earning potential etc. in pre and post phase of any project or scheme.
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Challenging Fear and Hate: Caring and Compassion as Essential Components of a Critical Pedagogy School Curriculum
Teaching and learning practices that affirm students’ identity and citizenship for self-determination, where they reclaim their political agency and exercise it.
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Management of Tacit Knowledge and the Issue of Empowerment of Patients and Stakeholders in the Health Care Sector
Empowerment in its modern sense (from the late 1950s to today) must be distinguished from its ancient forms, in which the concept was not considered as a general and adequate character for a wide and not much constrained use like today. Authoritarian regimes and old civilizations retained much its scope. (This theme is central to Polanyi´s philosophical endeavor that we do not discuss here; for a hint, see Jah (2002: 1-47) AU447: The in-text citation "Jah (2002: 1-47)" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. . According to the Cornell empowerment Group: “Empowerment is an intentional, ongoing process centered in the local community, involving mutual respect, critical reflection, caring, and group participation, through which people lacking an equal share of valued resources gain greater access to and control over those resources” (Zimmerman 2000: 43). It is important to stress that empowerment is generally construed at the organizational and the community levels (Zimmerman 2000: 44).
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Setting up a Learning Environment in an Interdisciplinary Professional Collaboration
Enabling the acting of authority in a (professional) field of specific knowledge and skills.
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Meta-Analysis of Antecedents and Consequences of Empowering Employees as a Contemporary Management Approach
The process of employees’ making decisions on their own and taking responsibilities about their tasks and duties.
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Adaptive Content Planning and Delivery With Assessment Methodology Using Swarm Intelligence on Cloud Computing
Empowerment is the degree of autonomy and self-determination in people and in communities which enables them to represent their interests in a responsible and self-determined way, acting on their own authority.
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Religion and Spirituality Empowering Female Refugee Entrepreneurship
The shifting nature of individual and collective agency, which may spawn processes of structural change or changes in norms. Indicators of expanding agency may relate to the empowered person’s sense of self-worth and social identity; his or her willingness and ability to question their subordinate status and identity, and their capacity to exercise strategic control over their own lives.
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Empowerment Rationale for New Media Literacy
The authorization or ability to control, think, or act critically.
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Advocacy as a Strategy for Sustainable Development and Economic Growth: What Civil Society Organizations Need to Know
A social or political process where individuals or communities are given the necessary tools of knowledge so as to attain their self-reliance and development.
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Innovation Applied to Community Tourism: Bibliometric Analysis
Give the human and technical tools to promote the knowledge of individuals and institutions, so they can develop in the most sustainable way possible.
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Counseling Families and Children in Rural Poverty
When an individual believes in themselves, and feels motivated to self-advocate and take control over specific situations in one’s life.
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From Management 1.0 to Management 3.0 and Beyond
Strategic management action aimed at improving the use of human capital in organizations through the delegation of power.
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Having “The Voice” and Gaining Agency: Substantive Representation of Women in Local Politics
Overcoming structural barriers to claim right and control over resources by disadvantaged groups.
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Power Sharing in Times of Crisis: Jamaican Teachers' Reflections on Principals' Leadership Approaches in the COVID-19 Pandemic
Kumar and Kumar (2017) define empowerment as giving a certain degree of autonomy and responsibility to employees for taking decision regarding organizational goals. Thus, Empowerment is a process that fosters employee’s creativity, quality of work-life, spirit of teamwork and to motivate employees to crave for superior performance for organisational effectiveness ( Hieu, 2020 ).
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Indigenous Knowledge as Resource to Sustain Self-Employment in Rural Development
The ability to make choices in one’s life and to overcome inequality and address resource gaps in education, employment, and political participation.
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Female Entrepreneurship in Africa: An Inquiry Into the Influence of Rotating Savings and Credit Associations on Business Growth
Building the capacity of persons to improve their livelihoods and advance their economic, social, and political standing.
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Interim Management Strategy as a Way of Empowering Women Leadership
A long-term management strategy that provides power or authority to employees to do something.
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Building a Road to Recovery
Empowerment is choice and control over factors that impact a person's life, particularly in regard to mental health treatment
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Team-Based Learning in Introductory Translation Courses
Providing opportunities for students to make choices and to transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes. Empowerment is a social process that fosters power in people for use in their own lives (and by extensions, in their own educations) by allowing to act on issues they define as important.
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Higher Education for Refugees: Policies and Practices in the UK, Germany, and France
One of the key aspects of social inclusion. Empowerment is a measure of how much control and power a person or group can exercise over other people. In higher education settings, refugee students should be given the opportunity to participate in the decision-making processes and have the ability to have a positive impact on the future of their host country through the participation in the decision-making processes.
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The Cumbersome Burden of Translating Policy Into Practice: Engaging Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CLD) Families in Special Education
The process of increasing the capacity of individuals or groups to make choices and transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes.
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The Myth of Motherhood in Communist and Postcommunist Romania: From Pro-Natalist Policies to Neoliberal Views
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Exploring the Relationship Between Teacher Empowerment and Retention in International Schools: A Cross-Regional Analysis and Insights From East Asia
The intrinsic motivation and active orientation toward a work role. Empowerment happens when an employee perceives the empowering experiences.
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Systemised Collaboration and Empowerment for Crisis Management: What Senior Teachers Can Learn From Supervisees
An individual’s power and confidence that enable their active undertaking of steps to become engaged in problem-solving.
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Use of Assistive Technology to Empower Persons with Intellectual Disabilities
To equip persons with qualities or abilities and essential skills so they can take initiative and make decisions to solve problems and improve performance in personal and professional life.
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The Empowerment of Japanese Women: What Will the Social Impact Be?
Bestowing authority by a superior to a subordinate such that the subordinate is able to function in various capacities, including economic, academic, political, social, and the like.
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Enhancing Women's Participation in Environmental Leadership: Challenges, Solutions, and Opportunities
This is providing individuals with the necessary tools, opportunities, and self-assurance to take control over their own lives and make valuable contributions within their communities.
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The Discourses of Empowerment and Web 2.0: The Dilemmas of User-Generated Content
Ways and means in which the user feels he or she has more power or capacity to engage and intervene with medium and content.
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The Impact of Women's Empowerment on SDGs in the Digital Era: Entrepreneurship Solutions
Empowerment can be socially, economically, or even ecologically structured. Generally, empowerment encompasses empowerment areas, benefits, and actions . Empowerment areas frequently studied and reported on were (1) sustaining income and productivity, including through knowledge transfer and technological tools, (2) developing business skills and industry specific know-how and skills, (3) supporting business creation and entrepreneurial innovation, (4) developing collaborative partnerships for collaborative solutions, and (5) favoring gender equality (Civera et al., 2018 AU65: The in-text citation "Civera et al., 2018" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. ).
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Advocating Empowerment and Gender Equality: A Study of Community-Based Tourism Initiatives
Degree of power, autonomy and self-determination in people, organizations, and societies.
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Democratic Learning Environment Formats for the Empowerment of Youth
All strategies and measures to enable people to competently and actively participate in society.
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Women Entrepreneurs' Psychological Wellbeing: Relationship With Empowerment and Motivation
Extent of autonomy and authority one hold in his/her family and community to pose his/her interests and attains them in a responsible manner.
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Empowering Patients Through Digital Technologies: The Case of Mobile Health Applications
Empowerment is a process by which people, organizations, and communities gain mastery over issues of concern to them ” (i.e. Zimmerman, 1995 ).
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In an Age of Violence, Minorities, and Their Empowerment: An Indian Perspective
Empowerment is the process by which individuals, groups, and communities acquire control over problems that are important to them.
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Working With Immigrant Children and Families: Preparing Early Childhood Education Leadership for Culturally Responsive Teaching
A social-action process through which individual (or group) who lacks power gain greater control, self-efficacy, knowledge, and competence related to their desired actions and outcomes. In the education field, empowerment is the development process of learners’ knowledge, skills, and abilities to enable them to control and develop their own learning.
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Constitutional Knowledge, Rights-Based Development, and Citizenship in Zimbabwe: Past, Present, and Future
Building the capacity of citizens to determine and manage their own development usually through skills development.
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Singapore's Online Retail Deviants: Analyzing the Rise of Blogshops' Power
Involving external, non-institutionalized agents, including consumers to participate and voice their views in the current and future strategy of the firm. Co-creation and co-production of services allows control, excitement, enjoyment to be felt by all parties. This has become of pre-requisite in digital driven society as information is freely flowing among individual while firms have come to recognize that sources of innovation are diffused in the environment beyond the RandD department.
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Feminist Hashtags in Pandemic Times
The process of becoming stronger and start having power.
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Autonomy and Empowerment for Middle Managers in Jamaican Local (Municipal) Authorities: A Positioning Strategy for Change Leadership/Management
A multi-dimensional social process that helps people gain control over their own lives. It is a process that fosters power (that is, the capacity to implement) in people, for use in their own lives, their communities, and in their society, by acting on issues that they define as important (Page & Czuba, 1999, p. 1).
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Exploring Peace Perspectives Through the Lens of Gender Inequality: Using Intersectionality to Examine Inclusiveness
Empowerment describes the process in which people who have been denied decision making power acquire such an ability. It consists of the three interconnected dimensions of agency, resources and achievements. The extent of people’s opportunities which can be understood as the potential for living the lives they want is defined by agency, namely the process through which decisions are made and put into effect, and resources. The extent to which that potential is realized refers to achievements. Together, these three dimensions determine how empowered an individual or a group is and how much of the decision affecting their own lives they get to make. However, it is important to distinguish between empowerment and power, as the former refers to the ability to make choices affecting one’s own life, while the latter refers to the ability to make choices over others.
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Achieving Women Empowerment Through ICT: Case of a Government Initiative in India
Process of increasing the capacity of individuals or groups to make choices and to transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes.
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Structural Power, Systemic Poverty, and Entrenchment Among African American Males
Increasing the capacity of individuals and groups to make choices to then be able to transform those choices into desired actions and outcomes.
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Alternative Approaches to Africa's Development: Zimbabwe's Land Reform Interrogated Through Gender Lenses
A set of measures designed to increase the degree of autonomy and self-determination in people and communities.
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A Holistic View of the Challenges and Social Implications of Online Distribution: The Case of Pensions
Empowerment results from a combination of external assignation (the empowering environment) and internal realization of power (consumer perceptions). Hence, conditions must exist in the external environment that allows the transference or increase of power from one party to another. At the same time, the recipient must realise the increase in power and be in a position to benefit from this realisation.
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Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the Advancement and Empowerment of African Women
Empowerment is a process aimed at increasing the social, economic and political strength of individuals and communities.
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Adult Learning in the Workplace: Critical Application and New Mediums
One’s belief that they can control their destiny through selected actions.
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Measuring Transformational Use of ICTs at Regional Level
“The process of granting people the power to take responsible initiatives to shape their own life and that of their community or society in economic, social and political terms” (CEC 2005b, p. 32).
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Diversity and Teacher Education: Cultural and Linguistic Competency for Teachers
A term that means in the learning process students are enabled to be free reflective, critical, thinkers on their learning and action toward social justice.
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Exploring Culture and Entrepreneurship Nexus in Peacebuilding: Beyond Fragility of Institutions as Source of Conflict
The term empowerment describes a set of measures designed to increase the degree of autonomy and self-determination in people and in communities in order to enable them to represent their interests in a responsible and self-determined way, acting on their own authority. It is the process of becoming stronger and more confident, especially in controlling one's life and claiming one's rights. Empowerment as action refers both to the process of self-empowerment and to professional support of people, which enables them to overcome their sense of powerlessness and lack of influence, and to recognize and use their resources.
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The English Diary in Turkish Custody Court Files: An Autoethnographic Account
A person’s process of (re)gaining control over their own life.
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Managing People as a Leader
Granting employees the autonomy to assume more responsibility within an organization and strengthening their sense of effectiveness” (Osland, Kolb, Rubin, & Turner, 2007 AU13: The in-text citation "Osland, Kolb, Rubin, & Turner, 2007" is not in the reference list. Please correct the citation, add the reference to the list, or delete the citation. , p. 528).
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Expanded Collaborative Learning and Concept Mapping: A Road to Empowering Students in Classrooms
brings students into a state of belief about their ability to act effectively.
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Therapeutic Photography
The act of helping others to know they are capable and competent to achieve their goals.
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Multidimensional Factors Enabling Digital Inclusion in Marginalised Communities of a Developing Economy
The approach in which marginalized communities have the autonomy to use information technology to realize their potential.
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Towards a Framework for Lifelong E-Learning and Employability
The ability to gain autonomy, voice and responsibility in own life. A very interesting approach has to do with continuing education aimed to improve skills useful in labour markets. Thus, it is a way of acquiring authority and critical thinking about relationships between education and employment, by taking into account the need of a citizenship and democratic education that go further than an education only for labor.
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Social Networking Sites and Critical Language Learning
Within the context of critical language learning, student empowerment is concerned with providing students with access to the tools that they need to become independent and autonomous learners.
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Tourism for Development in the Republic of Moldova: Empowering Individuals and Extending the Reach of Globalization
First introduced by Barbara Solomon in 1976 as a method of social work with oppressed Afro-American communities, empowerment refers to the ability to gain control over our lives either by ourselves or with the help of others.
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Conferences as Learning Spaces for Advancing Knowledge and Action for the SDGs: Insights From Youth Experiences
Youth empowerment mainly relates to young people's willingness as well as capacity to take action. It is the ability of youth to increase their participation in decisions regarding their own lives as well as wider community issues that are of importance or concern to them.
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Aesthetic Dimensions of Music-Initiated Processes in Co-Production
Approach to development that focuses on the resources in a given situation, context and community, and that regards every person as a resourceful, unique individual contributing to the community.
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Effective Engagement and Communication between First-Line Police Supervisors and Police Officers
Sharing information, rewards, and power with employees so that they can take initiative and make decisions to solve problems and improve service and performance. Empowerment is based on the idea that giving employees skills, resources, authority, opportunity, motivation, as well holding them responsible and accountable for outcomes of their actions, will contribute to their competence and satisfaction.
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Political Vigilante Violence as a Weapon of Empowerment Among Socially Excluded Ghanaian Youth
Empowerment is broadly defined to cover matters of autonomy and self-determination. It is includes giving power and status in a certain social, cultural, economic, or political situation. It describes the ability to exercise power to effect a change in oneself or the community.
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Afrocentric Thought in Adult Education
the process of discovering individual, collective, and political power to create change.
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Gender Impact on Adult Education
Process of giving or enabling another person to have power or authority.
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Does the One Who Asks the Question Lead the Way?
Approach of enabling someone to become aware of and thus use his own ressources. Permanent dependence on external support is to limit to a minimum.
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An Emerging Model of Pregnancy Care: The Introduction of New Technologies in Maternal Wellbeing
Consists of a process of increasing personal resources and awareness of them to promote individual wellbeing and environment adaptation.
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Increasing Trauma-Informed Awareness and Practices in Higher Education
The feeling of control over one’s decisions, actions and environment.
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Scholastic Study of Achieving Women Empowerment Through Digital Revolution by ICT
Empowerment means people having power and control over their own lives. People get the support they need that is right for them. Empowerment means that people are equal citizens. They are respected and confident in their communities. You can’t empower someone else or make someone empowered. It is about ways of working and supporting someone that means they can take control and responsibility for their own lives.
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The Contribution of Women in Latin American Tourism Research: CIET as a Succesfull Study Case
It is a term used to obtain further opportunities for marginalized or low skilled people.
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Social Work During COVID-19 and the Role of Local Governments in Managing the Crisis of the Pandemic: Case of Istanbul
Acquisition of personal, interpersonal, or political power to improve the lives of marginalized people (Gutierrez, 1990).
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Empowerment in Tourism
An approach which provides participation to the decisions by giving authority, power, and responsibility to the employees, provides a business environment where they are trusted, freely state their own opinions, and improve their creativity and self-confidence.
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Migrant Worker Empowerment in Online Communities
Processes involving individuals in a community setting which aims to enhance their capability to break barrier, reach better wellbeing and take actions towards changes ( Dave, 2010 ; Hennink, Kiiti, Pillinger, & Jayakaran, 2012 ; Tengland, 2008 ).
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Communication Dynamics of Women in Microfinance Projects as a Model for Women Empowerment: Microfinance Projects for Poverty Alleviation in the Philippines
These are manifested in three ways: a) person has self-confidence to be heard; b) person is given space to express herself; c) others listen and give room for the person to speak and act. These can be evident in the improved way of life in terms of political, economic, social, religious and educational aspects, namely, 1) women are able to express themselves freely; 2) they are part of the planning, management and control of resources; 3) they have increased purchasing power; 4) their children are able to go to school and, 5) they are able to afford home improvements and increased credit; 6) they are able to pray and worship God freely and not forcibly; and, 7) they are also able to participate in the conduct of organization in policy formulations and attendance in trainings.
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